Until the early decades of the twentieth century, a variety of English words were used to translate the Japanese jinja, including "shrine," "temple," and "sacred pavilion." With time, however, the term "shrine" came be be used most frequently, primarily as a convenient means of discriminating Shinto facilities from the tera or jiin of Buddhism, which in turn came to be referred to as "temples." In any event, Shinto jinja are the physical facilities where indigenous Japanese deities called kami are enshrined and worshiped. There are estimated to be around 80,000 jinja throughout Japan.